Girolamo Campagna (b. 1549 in Verona–d. 1625 in Venice) arrived in the city in the lagoon in 1572 where he ran an important sculpture workshop from the last decade of the 16th century, at the latest, until his death. He created several small bronze prototypes in particular, copies of which were cast in the bronze foundry in Venice. These include mythological figures as ornamental embellishments for firedogs. Depictions of Venus and Apollo, as well as of Mars, are known. The figure of Diana, recognisable by the decorative crescent-shaped moon in her hair and the faithful hunting dog, may well have been conceived as one of a pair together with Actaeon.
This figure is a cast of very high quality. The delicate treatment of the finish and the intricately worked detailing suggest that work was carried out on the figure after casting by the master sculptor himself.